why are solar cells particularly suitable for developing countries

Why Are Solar Cells Particularly Suitable For Developing Countries?

Solar energy is a blessing from the almighty, and without solar energy, we can not imagine our existence on earth.

There are various beneficial aspects of solar in our daily life.

Primarily, the main advantage is that the sun provides enough light to the planet, which helps to eliminate the darkness everywhere.

It’s a universal truth that trees need the sun to create food for themselves and, in turn, provide food, oxygen, fuel, etc. to humanity.

However, the sun radiates immense light energy to earth, measuring 1,368 W/m2 (watt per sq. meter).

Unfortunately, there is still a lot of dissipated energy from the sun that is not unused to warm the earth.

To minimize the loss of solar energy and the reduction of global warming, the scientist invented the photovoltaic cell called solar cell.

Day by day, the importance of solar cells is increasing tremendously all over the world because of the good they bring.

Though the developed countries are adequately aware of using solar cells, the developing countries are not eager to use them.

Nevertheless, the developed countries (and environment-related organizations) have always encouraged their fellow developing countries to move towards the use of solar cells instead of using fossil fuel for various reasons and aim to be more responsible users of energy to preserve the world for everyone.

But, there are many beneficial matters involved regarding the use of solar cells in developing countries, which I have described below.

Compatibility With The Environment

Environmentalists and Environmental Affairs organizations are always a remaining concern and thinking deliberately about making a suitable environment on earth.

Generally, the used materials in solar cells are called semiconductors, but these are various forms of pure silicon like amorphous, multi-crystalline, and single-crystalline.

That silicon collected from available natural materials on earth through multiple processes.

On the other hand, not only silicon but the maximum portion of raw materials for solar cells are collecting from nature.

So, produced solar cells are compatible with the environment, and the harmful effects of it on the earth are comparatively negligible.

However, a developing country is massively responsible for environment pollution for using hazardous materials in the power-producing industry where solar cells motivated themselves and occupied the trust as environment compatible materials in the Electricity Producing Industry.

Reduction of Gas Emissions

Nowadays, it’s a big concern to save the earth by controlling greenhouse gas.

There are various reasons for the emission of greenhouse gas, and mostly the developing countries are strictly responsible for that.

The electricity sector is the primary cause of the discharge of these gasses and adverse the environment by global warming.

Because, every year, a massive amount of fossil fuel like natural gases, coal, tar, furnace oil, and many others are using in power plants to produce electricity in these countries.

Similarly, wood, coal, tar, furnace oil also are using in different industrial sectors besides the brick industry instead of using updated technology.

As a result, an uncountable amount of greenhouse gasses are emerging by the vehicle, various industries, and electric power plants.

Unfortunately, lack of awareness and unavailability of sophisticated technology developing countries are far away from nurturing these modern technologies.

As well as developing countries are also acting as a threat to others.

If these countries are inclining to use solar cells instead of fossil fuel-based power plants, then the probability of greenhouse gasses emission will tend to zero.

So, to ensure a friendly environment on earth, there are no alternative options for solar cells for producing power and continuing industrialization.

For this reason, solar cells particularly suitable for developing countries.

High Impact to Make Earth Greener

Generally, developing countries have been accused of being responsible for making the earth dangerous for everyone.

Some reasons are that they’re not only responsible for emitting greenhouse gases, but also, they’re responsible for unplanned industrialization.

As a result, every industry entirely depends on the main grid power.

Similarly, individual families, communities, and growing organizations of these counties are depending on the primary power grid instead of solar energy.

On the other hand, the developed countries have strict rules and regulations to install solar systems for meeting a certain amount of solar power.

If the authority of the developing countries employs such types of principles and follows strictly, then the harshness of the environment will be reduced to a few times than the current situation.

So, to make green earth, the dependency of developing the country on solar systems is most important.

Reduction of Dependency On Fossil Fuel

At present, fossil fuel is a significant concern among scientists because of the gradual depletion of fossil fuel over the world.

Usually, now a day, the demand for electricity and different fuel for the vehicle covered by the fossil materials collected and refined for use.

Since the fossil is decreasing and one day it will be vacant.

So, as an alternative option, solar cells are the best example to produce energy.

Subsequently, developed country is mostly moving ahead as per plan to reduce dependency on fossil fuel where developing countries remain behind far far away.

If the authority of the developing country prepares milestones to use solar cells instead use of fossil fuel, then ultimately, the dependency on it will be reduced considerably.

So, for reducing dependence and saving the environment from pollution, solar cells are suitable for developing countries.

Long-Term Benefits

Since during installation of solar panels, a considerable budget required for the whole project.

But then if the developing country can overcome that constraint, an elongated benefit will be received from because the operating cost is meager compared to the fossil fuel-driven power plant.

Similarly, for the case of the vehicle fossil fuel system replaced by the solar system, then the operating cost will be reduced by a few times, and also the order will be environment-friendly.

On the other hand, for engine-driven power plant or vehicle, there is a various problem like preventive maintenance, scheduled maintenance will require contentiously.

Which is also more costly where solar power plant needs very little support with low cost.

So, for a developing country, it’s considered as a one-time investment as well as they will receive long time benefits.

Cost-Effective Power

All-around the world, maximum developed countries are moving to renewable energy like solar power, hydropower.

However, the produced power from solar cells is cost-effective compared to another generated power system because of around US$ 0.40 required for producing each unit (kWh ) power using fuel oil.

Where 0.17 to 0.3 US$ needed per unit (kWh) required for producing from renewable sources in Kenya, on the other hand, remarkable maters are that around 0.10 US$ was an expenditure in South Africa for producing power each unit power from solar cells.

So, it’s praiseworthy that solar cells are more economical than other power sources. Due to cost effectivity, the developed country is eagerly interested in it and increase its whole state.

However, for the case of developing countries, they’re not appropriately motivated about it due to the lack of initial investment for solar power plants.

As far we know that the amount of profit from solar power plants is very high, and it can strengthen the economy of a developing country.

So, from these, it can be easily said that solar cells are particularly suitable for developing countries.

Low Cost and Flexibility for Personal Use

For the developing country, it’s challenging to meet the demand for electricity due to lack of financial stability, inconsistent project management, incapability of demanded power plant installation, and many other issues.

As a result, the general peoples are depriving of electric facilities in developing countries.

In this case, peoples can feel the same facilities by using the solar system in their houses.

Because if they install the solar system in the homes, then the owner will enjoy the consistent service for a long time as well as no need to pay the bill to anyone after a successful installation.

So, for personal use, solar cells are most appropriate for developing countries.


The solar cells are the tiny size and very light to carry anywhere.

Consequently, it’s straightforward to install and dismantle as per demand.

Where, the weight of the power-producing fuel-driven engine is so weighty, challenging to install besides carrying as per requirement.

Besides it, the incurred carrying cost will be colossal, which is impossible for lower-income countries.

So, due to low mobility costs, the solar system is the right choice for developing countries.

Convenient to Use in Remote Areas

Since the developed countries always ensure proper civic facilities for their living citizens and enough electrical facilities, one of them.

Unfortunately, the developing country’s authorities have failed to provide around the country those facilities, especially in remote or inaccessible areas.

However, the solar cells can enlighten their lives in that area with minimum expense.

As a result, they can watch the TV, collect information through the internet, communicate with others over the phone.

So, to confirm these services in that remote and inaccessible areas, there is no alternative option of solar cells.

Low Maintenance

Low maintenance expense is an excellent feature for using solar cells in anywhere.

As a result, the developing countries are motivated about it and spreading the solar power plant as much as possible, though the initial investment is very high.

Then again, for the lower-income or developing countries, if they establish this powerplant by taking financial assistance from any investors, then their economy will rise a few times compared to the previous.

Because the solar system required minimal maintenance as well as reduce maintenance costs, also the spare parts available in the local market at economical prices.

So, to strengthen the economic growth and strengthen the financial stability of a country, the solar cells are particularly suitable for developing countries.

Low Operating Cost

Low operating cost is another beneficial aspect of using solar cells.

Because very limited peoples are required to monitor the solar power plant where a vast people are using in a regular or fuel-driven power plant.

As a result, the operational cost will decrease a considerable amount than others, which will fortify the expectations of users.

Not only these beneficial maters will appear in industrial areas but also in personal use, the operating cost nears to zero.

As the low operating cost, the solar cells are particularly suitable for developing countries.

High Longevity

The longevity of the electricity generation industry is a significant criterion for fulfilling the required electrical demand over the country because if the length of plant life is high, then service time also will be high.

Generally, fuel-based powerplant requires schedule and preventive maintenance for raising endurance, but day by day, the performance of machinery will decrease considerably.

On the other hand, solar power systems longevity 25 to 30 years.

Since the survival of it higher than others, as a result, the service limit also comparatively higher.

For developing countries, it’s challenging to invest money repeatedly for fossil fuel-driven power plant.

So, considering longevity, the solar system is the perfect choice to ensure electricity for developing countries.

Final Thoughts

We discussed above the beneficial aspect of using solar cells and how it contributes to the developing countries.

Generally, the developing countries are remaining behind from the developed countries for various strong reasons.

Electricity is also a significant issue from them and wheels the whole economy of those nations because many vital matters of the developing countries depend on the availability of electrical power.

However, it entirely depends on the self-interest of the developing countries’ authority, whether they’re interested in solar cells or not?

Till now, many developing countries started to install the solar system individually or grossly for mitigating their power scarcity.

Bangladesh, India, and Kenya is a strong example, and they strengthen their economy by solving the shortage of electricity using solar systems.

So, to develop the economy of other developing countries, it’s mandatory to increase the dependency on solar cells instead of fuel-driven electricity generators.

Finally, we can say that creating more motivated goals for solar cells, and developing countries can make a greener, cheaper path to sustain their development.

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